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Rare Earth Elements: A Review of Production, Processing ...

----- EPA/600/R-12/572 December 2012 Revised Rare Earth Elements: A Review of Production, Processing, Recycling, and Associated Environmental Issues Engineering Technical Support Center Land Remediation and Pollution Control Division National Risk Management Research Laboratory Office of Research and Development Cincinnati, OH

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An Overview of Rare Earth Elements and Related Issues for ...

Nov 24, 2020· An Overview of Rare Earth Elements and Related Issues for Congress Congress is considering legislative changes that could address U.S. access to rare earth elements. Rare earth elements (REE), a group of 17 elements included in the list of critical minerals pursuant to Executive Order 13817, are used in many components and products in …

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An elemental issue | Article | The United States Army

Sep 26, 2019· An elemental issue. Technological applications of rare-earth elements have exploded over the past couple of decades, with the compounds now used in lasers, batteries, fiber-optic cables, polishing ...

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Utah-based Energy Fuels plans rare earths production

Dec 21, 2020· Utah-based Energy Fuels plans rare earths production. Energy Fuels will process sands containing rare earth oxides at its White Mesa Mill in Utah. Energy Fuels, a uranium and vanadium processor ...

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Introduction | Science History Institute

INTRODUCTION. Part of the Institute's Science Matters series, The Case of Rare Earth Elements is a role-playing game in which students debate the positive and negative perspectives of rare earth elements from all sides, from producers and activists to manufacturers and consumers.. Rare earth elements are all around us. They are part of the foundation on which …

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Special issue on rare earths - UNCTAD

Special issue on rare earths COMMODITIES AT A GLANCE Printed at United Nations, Geneva – GE.14-50515 – May 2014 – 984 – UNCTAD/SUC/2014/1. New York and Geneva, 2014 COMMODITIES AT A GLANCE Special issue on rare earths N UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT.

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Rare Earths – A National Security and Environmental Threat ...

"The global power competition for rare earth minerals is more a uniquely U.S. challenge than an external one. We can change the conversation ourselves. However, we should frame the demand for rare earths in terms of our relationship with China and our priority to attack climate issues.

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US Needs 10X More Rare Earth Metals To Hit Biden's ...

1 · The United States needs ten times the amount of rare earth metals it currently has to meet President Biden's ambitious 2030 EV goals, according to one CEO in the business. And it needs 20 to 25 ...

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Rare Earth Elements in National Defense: Background ...

on foreign sources for rare earth elements and the implications of this dependence for national security. Congress has been interested in the rare earth issue largely because: • the world is almost wholly dependent on a single national supplier—China—for rare earths;

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CONVERSABLE ECONOMIST: The Rare Earths Shortage: A Crisis ...

Mar 10, 2015· As one example, Katherine Bourzac wrote an article in the April 2011 issue of Techology Review called "The Rare-Earth Crisis," and subtitled "Today's electric cars and wind turbines rely on a few elements that are mined almost entirely in China. Demand for these materials may soon exceed supply.

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A whole new world for rare earths

Aug 28, 2017· The key issue at the moment is that China is home to about 25% of the world's rare-earth reserves, yet economic forces have aligned so that China now accounts for roughly 90% of the global supply.

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CRU: The rare earths 'basket problem' is intensifying

Dec 01, 2020· This is the essence of the "basket problem", an issue which has plagued the rare earth mining sector in recent years. The rare earth elements (REE) consist of the 15 lanthanide elements, with ...

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Journal of Rare Earths | ScienceDirect.com by Elsevier

The Journal of Rare Earths reports studies on the 17 rare earth elements. It is a unique English-language learned journal that publishes works on various aspects of basic theory and applied science in the field of rare earths (RE). The journal accepts original high-quality original research papers …. Read more.

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How Rare-Earth Mining Has Devastated China's Environment ...

Jul 14, 2020· Lastly, the United Nations could pursue global standards for rare-earth mining. All of these steps will go toward preventing additional damage to the Earth. However, existing damage must be cleaned up. China is taking steps toward fixing the issues resulting from decades of rare earth mining.

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Boom in Mining Rare Earths Poses Mounting Toxic Risks ...

Jan 28, 2013· The mining of rare earth metals, used in everything from smart phones to wind turbines, has long been dominated by China. But as mining of these key elements spreads to countries like Malaysia and Brazil, scientists warn of the dangers of the toxic and radioactive waste generated by the mines and processing plants.

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An Elemental Issue - USAASC

Aug 28, 2019· An Elemental Issue. China controls roughly 90 percent of the rare-earth materials used in high-tech manufacturing, but the United States, Australia and Japan are exploring new sources that could end the Chinese monopoly. by Russell Parman. The U.S. military is facing a potential crisis at the very bottom of its supply chain.

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The Real Reason Why Lynas Is Still In Malaysia | TRP

Dec 30, 2019· The Rare Earth Elements are the 15 lanthanide series elements, plus yttrium. Scandium is found in most rare earth element deposits and is sometimes classified as a rare earth element. (Credit: Hastings Technology Metals) Around the world, resources for rare earth metals are contained primarily in minerals called bastnasite and monazite.

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Rare Earth Elements: A Review of Production, Processing ...

Rare Earth Elements: A Review of Production, Processing, Recycling, and Associated Environmental Issues Robert J. Weber Superfund and Technology Liaison. U.S. EPA Office of Research and Development. Office of Science Policy. Duty Station: U.S. EPA Region 7, Kansas City, Kansas. David J. Reisman. Director, Engineering Technical Support Center

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Rare Earth Elements: The Global Supply Chain

Dec 16, 2013· The concentration of rare earth elements (REEs) production in China raises the important issue of supply vulnerability. REEs are used for many commercial applications including new energy

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E-waste and The Environment - RARE EARTH MATERIALS

May 21, 2010· Solar panels, electric cars, and wind turbines all require rare earth metals. [4] Potential sources for rare earth metals have been identified in Canada, Brazil, Tanzania, Greenland, South Africa and the United States, Australia and Vietnam [5]. While there is a global dependency on rare earth metals, one of the chief countries consuming ...

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Rare Earth Elements in National Defense: Background ...

Defense Authorization Act for FY2011 (P.L. 111-383), conduct an assessment of the rare earths supply chain issues and develop a plan to address any supply chain vulnerabilities. DOD's report was released in March 2012. Congress may want answers to at least four important questions on rare earth elements: (1) Are

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This report and its contents are copyright and may not be ...

Page RARE EARTH ELEMENTS | Market Issues and Outlook Rare Earth Elements: Small Market, Big Necessity Compared to similarly-abundant elements in nature, such as copper, lead, and tin, global annual production of rare earth elements is notably low. Nevertheless, rare earth elements have become

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Rare Earth Metals: The Achilles Heel of U.S. Supply Chains

Jul 01, 2021· Rare earth metals form the bedrock of our consumer electronics, electric vehicles, and medical equipment. Shortages of them will continue to snag our supply chains. Lest we fall back on the simple explanation—that COVID is to blame—let's consider three other trends.

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Editorial | Montague made rare earth issue murkier ...

May 31, 2021· At the time, the United States had also chafed at Japanese export quotas on rare earth metals and had threatened to take the issue to the World Trade Organization although a few countries, including Australia and the USA, had then begun their own mining of REEs.

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US Deems Rare Earths Production an Issue of National ...

When Japan faced rare earths sourcing issues in 2010, the country went on to invest in Lynas (ASX:LYC,OTC Pink:LYSCF), an Australian rare earths miner with a processing plant in Malaysia. It is ...

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Minerals | Free Full-Text | The Sulfide/Silicate ...

One of the current directions of the Sm-Nd isotope systematics development is a dating of the ore process using sulfide minerals. Yet, the issue of the existence of rare earth elements (REE) in sulfides is still a matter for discussion. Sulfides from ore-bearing rocks of Proterozoic (2.53–1.98 Ga) Cu-Ni and platinum group elements (PGE) deposits of the Fennoscandian Shield were …

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Japan's rare earths strategy has lessons for US, Europe ...

Apr 23, 2021· Japan's global rare earths quest holds lessons for the US and Europe. A well-grounded plan. China is striving for global leadership, and has the economic clout to realize its vision. In 2010 ...

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Don't Panic about Rare Earth Elements - Scientific American

May 31, 2019· The strong and lightweight nature of rare earth magnets, metals and alloys have made them especially valuable in high-tech products. Originally produced for the October 2011 issue of Scientific ...

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Trump Declares National Emergency on Rare-Earth Elements ...

Oct 02, 2020· President Donald J. Trump on Sept. 30 issued an executive order declaring U.S. dependence on China for rare-earth elements a "national emergency," directing a multi-agency review and action before the election to establish domestic sources of the materials.

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Minerals | Special Issue : Leaching of Rare Earth Elements ...

Nov 27, 2020· We suggest that by disregarding other control factors, rare earth recovery of over 90% can be achieved through leach mining with solutions of 8 wt% and a pH of 5 at a leaching rate of 5 mL/min. Full article. (This article belongs to the Special Issue Leaching of Rare Earth Elements from Various Sources) . .

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OME Vol. 11 Iss. 9

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Rare-Earth Elements: Will China Continue Its Market Dominance?

Dec 21, 2020· Natural resources offer investors endless and rewarding opportunities. Today, one of the most interesting segments is rare earths, a group of 17 minerals used in trending products from electric cars to smartphones. China has the corner on this market, despite US efforts to muscle in. Even though rare-earth prices have taken a hit during the pandemic, investors …

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China Wrestles with the Toxic Aftermath of Rare Earth ...

Jul 02, 2019· Beginning in the 1990s, rare earth mining took off in this region, located in Southeast China about 300 miles north of Hong Kong. As China began to produce more smartphones, wind turbines, electric vehicles, and other high-tech products requiring rare earth elements, the mining intensified. But the removal of these elements from the earth's ...

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